Cleveland Indians

Adam Plutko’s Adequacy

As Adam Plutko continues to start baseball games for the contending Cleveland Indians, my perceived understanding of the game of baseball slips further out of reach. It was already somewhat distant to start — but Adam Plutko has rocked that world.

Smoke and mirrors? Perhaps. Only five pitchers with at least 70 innings pitched have a higher FIP. With that same parameter of 70 innings, he has the highest xFIP in Major League Baseball. That is, 143rd out of 143.

It seems utterly impossible that his earned run average would fall under the five threshold. Yet, somehow Plutko has posted an ERA better than 49 other 70-plus inning hurlers. It’s even more remarkable that two of these starts have resulted in victories over the New York Yankees (scoring 19 runs in one of the contests helps a little, I suppose).

Plutko hasn’t been stellar by any standard. A 4.67 earned run average is nothing to write home about and is likely the rosiest possible way of viewing his campaign. The eye test has done him no favors, either, as each time he trots out to the mound to take the ball suspense builds towards the great implosion.

Adequacy can best define his season. A much needed dose of adequacy thanks to a myriad of arm injuries and a trade of Trevor Bauer. The underlying metrics do not offer much hope for Plutko, either. Beyond an elite walk rate — his 1.39 walks per nine is fourth among those with 70-plus innings — there are few redeeming qualities. Only Miami’s Caleb Smith induces fewer ground balls, but he at least pairs it with an elite strikeout rate. Only three pitchers accumulate fewer strikeouts per nine innings.

Plutko is the antithesis of the three-true-outcome pitcher. He allows more balls in play than just about any other starter. It’s a borderline miracle that he has held it together in even this less than stellar capacity… until considering the quality of batted balls he has allowed.

In fact, Adam Plutko has actually been less than fortunate on balls in play. His 0.343 weighted on-base average permitted is considerably higher than his 0.328 expected weighted on-base average against. Essentially, the balls he has allowed in play have been more damaging than expected based on launch angle and exit velocity inputs.

That expected mark of 0.328 is perfectly mediocre, which would suggest why — despite allowing a barrage of balls in play every game — he has been able to outperform his peripherals to such a large degree. It is aided by an effect mitigation of contact authority. The average ball put in play against him has an exit velocity of 88 miles per hour, slightly under league average.

The Adam Plutko route isn’t an optimal one. There are legitimate questions revolving around the sustainability of allowing major league hitters to put everything in play and allow everything put in play to leave the ground. But Plutko has been called upon to fill in as an emergency starter for an extended period of time and his performance with that context considered has been admirable. However, with Corey Kluber’s impending return, Plutko should be headed back down I-71 to Columbus. Aaron Civale has a much more enticing skill set and relies less on the close your eyes and let them smack it — hopefully directly at a fielder — approach.

1 reply »

  1. It is very interesting that Plutko has been able to produce acceptable results for a 5th starter though 12 starts this year and 24 overall given his stuff. If you looked by break and velocity most of his pitches are below average, which is what you would expect base on FIP/XFIP. Although his curve has a good spin rate, its break is right around major league average. Yet despite an arsenal that does not look very good he has managed to keep exit velocity on the many balls put in play every game around league average. Although 24 starts is not a large sample, it is decent enough to think that there must be some explanation for his performance being significantly better than expected. In looking at the mix of his pitches, their velocity and location, I will offer the following theory: he and his battery mates have done an excellent job of mixing things up and this has resulted in batters just missing pitches that they should be hitting much harder. In other words, by changing height, plane, break, and speed they make hard to sit on a pitch and batters are just missing many balls ever so slightly. The fastball averages 91 MPH and he throws it 54% of the time, so it makes sense batters would look for one in their hot zone to hit. The fastball has been thrown all over the place- high and low, inside and outside. The slider (85.7 MPH avg) and curve (77 MPH average) are generally thrown low and to the catcher’s right but have nearly a 9 MPH speed difference between each other, while the change-up is generally thrown on the opposite side of the plate at an average of 82. MPH. He uses the slider 23% of the time, while using the slider and curve both around 11% of the time. He So my theory is that a lot of the contact ends up being on adjustment swings rather than pitches they were sitting on looking for in a specific location. They are just missing these pitches as evidenced by the number of balls that have been topped and poorly hit under. So the coaching staff and catcher have a good game plan and to date Plutko has executed it well enough. The question is how long can he sustain this.

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